Published & Pending Research



Community Resiliency Model Evaluation, California Mental Health Services Act, 2013  Stephanie Citron & Elaine Miller-Karas
Community Resiliency Model Evaluation, Veteran Extension Project, California Mental Health Services Act, 2013 Stephanie Citron & Elaine Miller-Karas
Haiti Earthquake Relief Project’s Training Evaluation Report Agathe Jean Baptiste
A Case for Using Biologically-Based Mental Health Intervention in Post-Earthquake China Elaine Miller-Karas/L. Leitch
Somatic Experiencing Treatment with Social Service Workers following Katrina and Rita L. Leitch
Trauma Resiliency Model Survey conducted by the Department of Behavioral Health, San Bernardino County, California Mariann Ruffalo, MBA



Walter Reed Military Medical Center & Loma Linda University Research proposal in Progress
Claremont Graduate University

Center for Neuroscience Studies
Jorge A. Barraza, Ph.D. Claremont Graduate UniversityAssistant Director, Center for Neuroeconomics Studies & Mark Dust, PhD Candidate and Rhonda Rogers, PhD Candidate.
Haiti Elder Study funded by UUSC & HelpAge Kim Freeman, PhD and Mark Dust, publication pending
ARMC Burn Unit Study Mary Berst,  PhD candidate publication pending
The Ivory Coast Study (Loma Linda University School of Social Work) 2013

Unpublished paper presented at the Social Work Education Conference, October 2013

The Community Resiliency Model was used to assist civil war survivors in remote western Côte d’ Ivoire return to their villages and lives. Findings demonstrate that providing survivors with knowledge of psychosocial, behavioral, and physiological effects of trauma, and sustainable self-care techniques supports the restoration of emotional wellness. There were 37 trainees from five villages.

The results of the assessment demonstrated that trainees retained the knowledge and skills acquired and used the knowledge and skills to assist others in symptom relief and return to their villages. At the time of the assessment the majority of the villagers had returned from the jungle to rebuild their lives and 73.1% reported still using skills taught to them by the trainees. But perhaps the most telling intervention effects were demonstrated by the narrative responses of villagers that not only reflected good mental health, but also provided strong support for the restorative justice benefits of the community resiliency mentor model.

The findings of the follow-up assessment underscore the transformational and sustainable nature of the Community Resiliency Model for working with individuals and communities experiencing severe traumatic events. These findings are consistent with transformational learning theory (Merriam,Caffarella & Baumgartner, 2006) and the diffusion of innovation paradigm that set for the conditions required to increase sustainability (Rogers,1995 & Fullan, 2001).

Evident is the transferability of the techniques for application by individuals who do not possess advanced behavioral health degrees and who live in regions of the world void of professional behavioral health resources. Finally, implications also point to the utility of the Community Resiliency Model for the design and implementation of social work best practices when addressing global mental health issues in remote locations with underserved populations.

Beverly Buckles, PhD, Loma Linda University































Typhoon Yolanda, the Philippines (2014)

Loma Linda University School of Social Work and Social Ecology implemented a pre/post training evaluation in Cebu City, the Philippines and IloIlo, the Philippines with the staff of NGOs working in typhoon and earthquake impacted areas in January 2014 and April 2014,   A documentary of this project was produced by Life on the Line  with plans for broadcasting on PBS in 2015.

Buckles, B., Freeman, K, Miller, F.

Being prepared for publication






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